When To Breed A Cat - Ticks are trouble! We all know that they spread the bacteria that lead to Lyme ailment, but another tick-borne ailment that is steadily rising is ehrlichiosis. Once limited to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is anticipated to rise in these areas, as properly as in southern California and the southeastern United States, in accordance to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can develop an acute infection that starts with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to four weeks after encountering the bite of an infected tick, a subclinical infection can set in, creating thrombocytopenia. That $5 word implies that the canine doesn’t have ample platelets in his blood. When that happens, he can expertise bleeding into entire body tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood could clot more slowly than regular after an damage. Bone marrow suppression can consequence from persistent Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this kind of bacteria) infection. It can appear months to years after a tick bite.
When To Breed A Cat - Cats with the ailment could demonstrate related indications. Other indications observed in cats and dogs include excess weight reduction, joint pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are identified to spread the organism that leads to ehrlichiosis. The brown canine tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), located during the United States, is the major culprit, but the American canine tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that lead to ailment. You may possibly think lone star ticks would be limited to the Lone Star State (Texas, of program), but they are located up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas by means of the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American canine ticks reside east of the Rockies, mainly in areas this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or more years without a host.
Dogs (and cats) become infected with Ehrlichia spp. when infected ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
When To Breed A Cat - It can consider as tiny as three to 6 hrs for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. Once the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread during the entire body. The ailment is diagnosed primarily based on a history of tick publicity, presence of indications, a platelet count and a positive blood test consequence for the bacteria that lead to the ailment: Ehrlichia canis (the major lead to in dogs), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in dogs and people) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the major lead to in people). Ehrlichiosis isn’t often easy to diagnose, since it can consider time for antibodies to develop, but response to treatment method with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has located the lead to of your canine’s indications.