Energetic Cat Breeds - Ticks are problems! We all know that they spread the bacteria that trigger Lyme condition, but one more tick-borne condition that is steadily growing is ehrlichiosis. When constrained to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is anticipated to rise in these locations, as properly as in southern California and the southeastern United States, in accordance to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can build an acute infection that commences with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to 4 weeks after encountering the bite of an contaminated tick, a subclinical infection can set in, leading to thrombocytopenia. That $5 word indicates that the dog doesn’t have adequate platelets in his blood. When that occurs, he can expertise bleeding into physique tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood may possibly clot more slowly than regular after an damage. Bone marrow suppression can end result from continual Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this type of bacteria) infection. It can seem months to years after a tick bite.
Energetic Cat Breeds - Cats with the condition may possibly show similar signs. Other signs observed in cats and canines consist of weight reduction, joint ache, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are acknowledged to spread the organism that causes ehrlichiosis. The brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), found all through the United States, is the primary culprit, but the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that trigger condition. You may feel lone star ticks would be constrained to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are found up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas via the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American dog ticks reside east of the Rockies, mainly in locations this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or more years without having a host.
Dogs (and cats) become contaminated with Ehrlichia spp. when contaminated ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
Energetic Cat Breeds - It can get as little as 3 to six hrs for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. When the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread all through the physique. The condition is diagnosed based on a historical past of tick exposure, presence of signs, a platelet count and a positive blood test end result for the bacteria that trigger the condition: Ehrlichia canis (the primary trigger in canines), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in canines and humans) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the primary trigger in humans). Ehrlichiosis isn’t usually straightforward to diagnose, due to the fact it can get time for antibodies to build, but response to treatment method with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has found the trigger of your dog’s signs.