All Breeds Of Cats With Photos And Names - Ticks are problems! We all know that they spread the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, but another tick-borne disease that is steadily escalating is ehrlichiosis. When restricted to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is expected to rise in those places, as properly as in southern California and the southeastern United States, according to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can build an acute infection that begins with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to four weeks soon after going through the bite of an contaminated tick, a subclinical infection can set in, creating thrombocytopenia. That $5 word means that the dog doesn’t have ample platelets in his blood. When that takes place, he can expertise bleeding into physique tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood could clot more gradually than standard soon after an injury. Bone marrow suppression can result from persistent Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this variety of bacteria) infection. It can appear months to many years soon after a tick bite.
All Breeds Of Cats With Photos And Names - Cats with the disease could display equivalent indications. Other indications seen in cats and canines consist of weight reduction, joint pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are recognized to spread the organism that triggers ehrlichiosis. The brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), found during the United States, is the major culprit, but the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that cause disease. You may think lone star ticks would be restricted to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are found up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas through the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American dog ticks reside east of the Rockies, mostly in places this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or more many years without a host.
Dogs (and cats) grow to be contaminated with Ehrlichia spp. when contaminated ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
All Breeds Of Cats With Photos And Names - It can consider as small as 3 to six hrs for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. When the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread during the physique. The disease is diagnosed primarily based on a historical past of tick publicity, presence of indications, a platelet count and a good blood test result for the bacteria that cause the disease: Ehrlichia canis (the major cause in canines), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in canines and people) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the major cause in people). Ehrlichiosis isn’t constantly easy to diagnose, since it can consider time for antibodies to build, but response to treatment with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has found the cause of your dog’s indications.