All Breeds Of Cats Checklist With Photos - Ticks are trouble! We all know that they spread the bacteria that trigger Lyme disease, but another tick-borne disease that is steadily rising is ehrlichiosis. As soon as limited to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is anticipated to rise in individuals places, as properly as in southern California and the southeastern United States, in accordance to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can build an acute infection that commences with fever, appetite loss and lethargy. Two to 4 weeks right after going through the bite of an contaminated tick, a subclinical infection can set in, triggering thrombocytopenia. That $5 word implies that the dog doesn’t have adequate platelets in his blood. When that occurs, he can expertise bleeding into body tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood may possibly clot more gradually than typical right after an injury. Bone marrow suppression can end result from persistent Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this type of bacteria) infection. It can appear months to years right after a tick bite.
All Breeds Of Cats Checklist With Photos - Cats with the disease may possibly present related signs. Other signs noticed in cats and dogs consist of excess weight loss, joint discomfort, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are identified to spread the organism that leads to ehrlichiosis. The brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), located throughout the United States, is the major culprit, but the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that trigger disease. You may possibly consider lone star ticks would be limited to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are located up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas through the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American dog ticks reside east of the Rockies, mostly in places such as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or more years without having a host.
Dogs (and cats) become contaminated with Ehrlichia spp. when contaminated ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
All Breeds Of Cats Checklist With Photos - It can consider as small as three to 6 hrs for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. As soon as the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread throughout the body. The disease is diagnosed primarily based on a historical past of tick exposure, presence of signs, a platelet count and a optimistic blood test end result for the bacteria that trigger the disease: Ehrlichia canis (the major trigger in dogs), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in dogs and people) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the major trigger in people). Ehrlichiosis isn’t often easy to diagnose, simply because it can consider time for antibodies to build, but response to remedy with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has located the trigger of your dog’s signs.