All Breed Of Cats - Ticks are trouble! We all know that they spread the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, but one more tick-borne disease that is steadily rising is ehrlichiosis. When restricted to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is anticipated to rise in individuals locations, as effectively as in southern California and the southeastern United States, in accordance to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can develop an acute infection that starts with fever, appetite loss and lethargy. Two to 4 weeks right after encountering the bite of an contaminated tick, a subclinical infection can set in, causing thrombocytopenia. That $5 word signifies that the canine doesn’t have enough platelets in his blood. When that takes place, he can knowledge bleeding into entire body tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood might clot a lot more slowly than normal right after an injury. Bone marrow suppression can outcome from chronic Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this variety of bacteria) infection. It can seem months to years right after a tick bite.
All Breed Of Cats - Cats with the disease might demonstrate comparable indications. Other indications observed in cats and canines consist of excess weight loss, joint ache, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are identified to spread the organism that triggers ehrlichiosis. The brown canine tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), located all through the United States, is the major culprit, but the American canine tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that cause disease. You may well consider lone star ticks would be restricted to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are located up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas through the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American canine ticks reside east of the Rockies, mostly in locations such as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or a lot more years with no a host.
Dogs (and cats) become contaminated with Ehrlichia spp. when contaminated ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
All Breed Of Cats - It can consider as little as 3 to six hours for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. When the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread all through the entire body. The disease is diagnosed based mostly on a history of tick exposure, presence of indications, a platelet count and a good blood check outcome for the bacteria that cause the disease: Ehrlichia canis (the major cause in canines), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in canines and people) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the major cause in people). Ehrlichiosis isn’t usually easy to diagnose, since it can consider time for antibodies to develop, but response to remedy with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has located the cause of your canine’s indications.