Aggressive Cat Breeds - Ticks are problems! We all know that they spread the bacteria that lead to Lyme illness, but another tick-borne illness that is steadily escalating is ehrlichiosis. After limited to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is expected to rise in these areas, as properly as in southern California and the southeastern United States, in accordance to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can build an acute infection that commences with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to 4 weeks soon after going through the bite of an infected tick, a subclinical infection can set in, triggering thrombocytopenia. That $5 word signifies that the puppy doesn’t have enough platelets in his blood. When that takes place, he can encounter bleeding into entire body tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood might clot far more gradually than normal soon after an injury. Bone marrow suppression can outcome from persistent Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this variety of bacteria) infection. It can seem months to years soon after a tick bite.
Aggressive Cat Breeds - Cats with the illness might present similar signs. Other signs seen in cats and dogs incorporate excess weight reduction, joint discomfort, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are identified to spread the organism that triggers ehrlichiosis. The brown puppy tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), discovered during the United States, is the primary culprit, but the American puppy tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that lead to illness. You might feel lone star ticks would be limited to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are discovered up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas through the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American puppy ticks reside east of the Rockies, primarily in areas this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or far more years without having a host.
Dogs (and cats) turn into infected with Ehrlichia spp. when infected ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
Aggressive Cat Breeds - It can get as minor as three to 6 hours for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. After the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread during the entire body. The illness is diagnosed based mostly on a background of tick publicity, presence of signs, a platelet count and a good blood check outcome for the bacteria that lead to the illness: Ehrlichia canis (the primary lead to in dogs), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in dogs and humans) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the primary lead to in humans). Ehrlichiosis isn’t usually simple to diagnose, since it can get time for antibodies to build, but response to treatment with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has discovered the lead to of your puppy’s signs.