African Cats Home Cat Breed - Ticks are difficulty! We all know that they spread the bacteria that trigger Lyme condition, but one more tick-borne condition that is steadily increasing is ehrlichiosis. When restricted to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is anticipated to rise in those locations, as nicely as in southern California and the southeastern United States, according to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can build an acute infection that starts with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to 4 weeks following encountering the bite of an infected tick, a subclinical infection can set in, leading to thrombocytopenia. That $5 word implies that the dog doesn’t have sufficient platelets in his blood. When that occurs, he can expertise bleeding into body tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood may possibly clot much more gradually than typical following an damage. Bone marrow suppression can consequence from continual Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this sort of bacteria) infection. It can seem months to many years following a tick bite.
African Cats Home Cat Breed - Cats with the condition may possibly display related indicators. Other indicators seen in cats and dogs include bodyweight reduction, joint soreness, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are acknowledged to spread the organism that triggers ehrlichiosis. The brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), discovered during the United States, is the main culprit, but the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that trigger condition. You might believe lone star ticks would be restricted to the Lone Star State (Texas, of program), but they are discovered up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas by way of the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American dog ticks reside east of the Rockies, primarily in locations this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or much more many years without having a host.
Dogs (and cats) become infected with Ehrlichia spp. when infected ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
African Cats Home Cat Breed - It can consider as minor as 3 to six hours for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. When the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread during the body. The condition is diagnosed based on a historical past of tick publicity, presence of indicators, a platelet count and a good blood test consequence for the bacteria that trigger the condition: Ehrlichia canis (the main trigger in dogs), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in dogs and people) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the main trigger in people). Ehrlichiosis isn’t usually easy to diagnose, due to the fact it can consider time for antibodies to build, but response to remedy with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has discovered the trigger of your dog’s indicators.