African Cat Breeds - Ticks are difficulty! We all know that they spread the bacteria that lead to Lyme ailment, but yet another tick-borne ailment that is steadily escalating is ehrlichiosis. As soon as limited to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is expected to rise in those locations, as well as in southern California and the southeastern United States, according to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can create an acute infection that commences with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to 4 weeks after going through the bite of an contaminated tick, a subclinical infection can set in, causing thrombocytopenia. That $5 word means that the dog doesn’t have sufficient platelets in his blood. When that transpires, he can encounter bleeding into physique tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood might clot a lot more gradually than regular after an injury. Bone marrow suppression can end result from persistent Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this sort of bacteria) infection. It can seem months to years after a tick bite.
African Cat Breeds - Cats with the ailment might display equivalent signs. Other signs observed in cats and dogs incorporate bodyweight reduction, joint discomfort, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are identified to spread the organism that leads to ehrlichiosis. The brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), found throughout the United States, is the main culprit, but the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that lead to ailment. You might believe lone star ticks would be limited to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are found up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas through the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American dog ticks reside east of the Rockies, mostly in locations this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or a lot more years without having a host.
Dogs (and cats) turn into contaminated with Ehrlichia spp. when contaminated ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
African Cat Breeds - It can get as tiny as 3 to six hours for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. As soon as the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread throughout the physique. The ailment is diagnosed primarily based on a historical past of tick exposure, presence of signs, a platelet count and a good blood check end result for the bacteria that lead to the ailment: Ehrlichia canis (the main lead to in dogs), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in dogs and humans) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the main lead to in humans). Ehrlichiosis isn’t often straightforward to diagnose, because it can get time for antibodies to create, but response to treatment with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has found the lead to of your dog’s signs.