10 Smartest Cat Breeds - Ticks are trouble! We all know that they spread the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, but yet another tick-borne disease that is steadily rising is ehrlichiosis. When limited to western Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri, the incidence of ehrlichiosis is expected to rise in those places, as nicely as in southern California and the southeastern United States, in accordance to the Companion Animal Parasite Council.
Dogs with ehrlichiosis can create an acute infection that begins with fever, appetite reduction and lethargy. Two to four weeks right after experiencing the bite of an contaminated tick, a subclinical infection can set in, triggering thrombocytopenia. That $5 word indicates that the dog doesn’t have adequate platelets in his blood. When that transpires, he can knowledge bleeding into entire body tissues (known as petechiae) and bruising. His blood may clot more gradually than typical right after an injury. Bone marrow suppression can end result from continual Ehrlichia spp. (the "spp." refers to all species of this sort of bacteria) infection. It can appear months to many years right after a tick bite.
10 Smartest Cat Breeds - Cats with the disease may demonstrate related indicators. Other indicators observed in cats and canines consist of fat reduction, joint soreness, vomiting and diarrhea.
How It’s Spread
Three tick species are acknowledged to spread the organism that leads to ehrlichiosis. The brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), found all through the United States, is the major culprit, but the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) and the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) can also transmit the bacteria that cause disease. You might consider lone star ticks would be limited to the Lone Star State (Texas, of course), but they are found up from the southeastern U.S. and Texas by means of the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard all the way to New England. American dog ticks reside east of the Rockies, mostly in places this kind of as grassy fields, walkways and trails. They can survive for two or more many years without having a host.
Dogs (and cats) grow to be contaminated with Ehrlichia spp. when contaminated ticks feed on them, injecting the bacteria into their blood by deeply burying their mouthparts into the skin. Nasty!
10 Smartest Cat Breeds - It can take as minor as 3 to 6 hrs for ticks to transmit the bacterial invaders. When the bacteria enter the blood cells, they thrive, multiply and spread all through the entire body. The disease is diagnosed primarily based on a historical past of tick publicity, presence of indicators, a platelet count and a good blood test end result for the bacteria that cause the disease: Ehrlichia canis (the major cause in canines), Ehrlichia ewingii (seen in canines and humans) and Ehrlichia chaffeensis (the major cause in humans). Ehrlichiosis isn’t always easy to diagnose, because it can take time for antibodies to create, but response to treatment method with antibiotics can be a clue that your veterinarian has found the cause of your dog’s indicators.